Alexandra Lippman is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Pomona College. I received my doctorate in anthropology from the University of California, Irvine and have held postdoctoral fellowships at UC Davis and UCLA. My interest in the anthropology of sound and innovative methodologies led to my founding of the online research collaboration, the Sound Ethnography Project in 2010.

Leonardo Cardoso is an Associate Professor in the School of Performance, Visualization, and Fine Arts at Texas A&M University. His research focuses on the relations between sound, law, and governance. Cardoso’s first book, Sound-Politics in São Paulo (Oxford University Press), shows how environmental noise in Brazil’s largest metropolis has been entangled in disputes about noise measurement protocols, legislative lobbies, law-enforcement priorities, and various types of litigation. His upcoming book examines how as sirens, wiretaps, and gunshot-location technology — become entangled in governmental practices.